Tranzisyon nan Swen Medikal

March 19, 2020
Education
Basic Needs
Health and Mental Care
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Mother and Child hugging and laughing

Tèks: Dr. Sofia Thomas, DNP MHA APN RN CPH

Tranzisyon nan Swen Medikal – Pou ki sa sa enpòtan?

Pou jèn moun (ak paran yo), soti nan nivo timoun pou rive nan nivo granmoun se yon bèl epòk! Pou tout jèn men espesyalman pou timoun ak jèn ki bezwen swen medikal espesyal yo (CYSHCN), tranzisyon nan swen medikal mande pou yo rive reyisi jere swen medikal y ap resevwa a etan yon granmoun.

Ki sa tranzisyon swen medikal ye toutbon vre?

Tranzisyon swen medikal se posesis kote timoun nan ap sot nan sistèm swen medikal pou timoun pou li antre nan sistèm swen medikal pou granmoun. Lè timoun poko nan gwo laj, paran yo jwe yon gwo wòl nan kesyon swen medikal timoun nan, tankou telefone pou pran randevou, ranpli fòm, siveye kesyon medikaman, ranpli fòm asirans yo epi siyen fòm konsantman yo.
Men lè timoun nan ap vin pi gran, kesyon swen medikal la vin tounen responsablite pa li.

Èske w konn sa?! Plis pase 90% timoun ak jèn k ap viv ak kèk poblèm sante (CYSHCN) kounye a yo k ap viv ak poblèm nan jis yo granmoun –men yo gen mwens chans pase timoun parèy yo ki pa gen poblèm sa yo pou yo rive nan nivo lise, pou yo al nan fakilte, oubyen pou yo jwenn travay akoz kondisyon sante yo epi pou yo reyisi nan lavi yo (Gotranstion.org).

Lè w pran kesyon tranzisyon swen medikal la bonè, sa ap ede w:
• Jere mank preparasyon ou epi jan ou santi sitiyasyon an depase w ouswa jan ou santi tout chanjman sa yo twòp pou wou.
• Jere enkapasite w pou w jwenn medsen jeneral oswa yon espesyalis ki kab bay tretman.
• Jere pèd asirans maladi nan epòk tranzisyon an.

Ki sa ki kab pèmèt ou reyisi? Kòmanse konsidere kesyon tranzisyon swen medikal la depi timoun nan gen 12 an!

Etap kle pou nou franchi:
Prepare w bonè: Se pou w konprann chanjman nan nesesite medikal yo, nan koze asirans yo, epi nan kesyon pwofesyonèl k ap bay swen medikal yo.
1. Kòmanse konvèsasyon sou tranzisyon swen medikal ak yon pedyat oubyen ak yon medsen jeneral.
2. Poze kesyon sou kouman yo pral siveye pitit ou a nan posedi tranzisyon swen medikal la epi èske gen okenn dosye yo kenbe pou yo suiv evolisyon timoun nan.
3. Èske w pare pou tranzisyon an? Pale ak moun sou sa ou ta renmen avèk bi w epi ki kalite abilite w ap bezwen pandan peryòd tranzisyon ou an oubyen tranzisyon pitit ou a.

• Transfere swen medikal yo: Bi w nan sa se kowòdone transfè sèvis medikal yo san ou pa pèdi nan swen yo oubyen pèdi asirans medikal la.

4. Pale ak kote ki ba w swen sante a konsènan planifikasyon tranzisyon an. Mande yo si gen okenn desizyon osijè swen medikal yo yo pral pran, epi kouman pou w rive deside si yon nouvo pwofesyonèl medikal ap ba w swen ou merite a epitou kouman ou kab jwenn yon nouvo asirans maladi.
5. Fè yon rezime enfòmasyon enpòtan konsènan sante ou epi moun pou yo kontakte an ka dijans epi jan ou ta vle yo pran swen wou si w ta malad. Mande doktè prensipal ou pou li fè yon dosye pou tranzisyon swen medikal la ki enkli rezime medikal ou te fè a kòm yon dosye yo kapab bay nouvo doktè ou oubyen espesyalis la.

• Tranzisyon: kontinye pran pa nan posesis tranzisyon an; Kontinye poze kesyon epi kontinye pran pa nan desizyon swen medikal yo pandan w ap fè pitit ou a sot nan men pwofesyonèl medikal pou timoun pou al nan men pwofesyonèl medikal pou granmoun.

6. Bay doktè pitit ou a yo fidbak sou swen medikal pitit ou a epi ankouraje yo itilize: Sis eleman kle nan tranzisyon swen medikal moun ap jwenn sou sit Gottransition.org la pou tranzisyon yo kab reyisi. 

Enfòmasyon nou jwenn nan editoryal sa a se enfòmasyon ki soti nan piblikasyon Florida Health & Transition Services (FloridaHATS.org) ak Got Transition (Gottransition.org). Pou plis enfòmasyon an detay sou tranzisyon swen medikal ak lòt ti konsèy adisyonèl epi materyèl pou tout bagay pou tranzisyon, pou edikasyon, pou travay/anplwa, pou sante, epi pou finans, al sou sit sa a: www.floridahats.org epi www.gottransition.org, epitou al sou sit Depatman Lasante Eta Florid la, epi tcheke sit Sèvis Medikal pou timoun (CMS) sou sit sa a: www.floridahealth.gov, pou plis enfòmasyon toujou tcheke Title V Pwogram pou timoun ak jèn ki gen nesesite swen medikal espesyal.

Dr. Thomas se yon konsiltan pou Depatman lasante nan Eta Florid la, pou Sèvis Medikal pou timoun (CMS) epi li se yon konsiltan rejyonal nan zòn Okeechobee, Indian River, St. Lucie, Martin, Palm Beach, Broward, Miami-Dade, and Monroe Counties pou Sèvis Medikal pou timoun ak jèn ki nan Nesesite swen medikal espesyal pou Title V Pogram Sibvansyon an blòk la. Pwogram Title V CMS la founi edikasyon lekòl, li defann kòz timoun yo, epi li fè sansibilizasyon sou inisyativ kritik nan tout eta a konsènan byennèt tout timoun nan Eta Florid.

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